Divergence is a methodological price indicator that transpires when a live quote and the oscillator that an FX trader is comparing goes in an alternate direction. When it comes to forex trading, divergence signals occur with upcoming changes in trend be it forwards or backwards. When a trader keeps an eagle eye on the divergence trend, it serves as an indication that a trading opportunity beckons.
When divergence trading is utilized properly, it can be a means of consistent profiting for a trader. It is a minimal risk to sell close to the top and close to the bottom because the danger is far lesser and sometimes can even be considered to be at the barest minimum.
So what should you be thinking about when a currency pair hits higher highs or lower lows? It means that the price can go higher or lower. So when the price makes high points or low points, it is only normal that the indicators follow through as well. If they do not, that means the price and indicator are diverging from one another and this means that the FX market might just pull backwards. This method works great with higher time frames.
Since this is a price action based on the relationship with a forex indicator, it is a smart move to use MACD for charts to identify divergence or possible trends. However, this rule is not cast in stone. Other traders have been known to use trend indicators like Commodity Channel Index (CCI) and oscillators like Relative Strength Index (RSI) or Stochastic. When all is said and done, note that when it comes to divergence trading, price rules and should always be your prominent indicator.
There are 2 types of divergences namely, hidden and regular. Regular divergence is used for discerning trend reverses. For example, if the currency pair price is taking lower lows in a downward trend but the oscillator is developing higher lows, this is defined as regular bullish divergence and the price is expected to begin climbing.
However, if the price hits higher highs and the oscillator is lower high then you should expect regular bearish divergence. This type of divergence is found in an upward trend. If the price hits a 2nd high and the oscillator makes a lower high, expect the price to retrogress and drop. The oscillators highlight a thrust shift and though the price has hit a higher high or lower low, it would not be constant.